Despite education being a human right, millions of children still cannot attend school. In crisis-contexts, education is usually the first service to go, and the last one to resume. As a result, children who live in fragile and conflict-affected countries and regions disproportionately lack access to education. Gender inequality within education is also substantial – twice as many girls as boys of primary school age will never go to school and only 29% of countries have achieved gender parity at the upper secondary level.
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 emphasizes the need for inclusive and quality education for all. The impact of investing in quality and inclusive education is significant as education has been seen to have a positive multiplier effect in other areas of life. For example, girls who remain in school have higher incomes and labour force participation, are more likely to marry later, less likely to die in pregnancy or childbirth, likelier to have healthier children and more likely to send their own children to school.